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What are the 5 branches of civil engineering?

by  on Invalid Date

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The top 5 branches in civil engineering are:

01 - Structural Engineering

Structural Engineering is a branch of civil engineering that lays its focus on the framework of structures and their design so that they can resist the stresses and strains of the loading environment and stay safe, stable, and protected throughout their lifespan. In short, it is the responsibility of structural engineers to ensure that the building structures such as bridges, houses, flyovers do not fail under working and limiting conditions.

02 - Transportation Engineering

Transportation engineering deals with the planning, design, operation and maintenance of safe and organized transportation systems. In short, transportation engineers deal with the technology and scientific principles to the planning, designing, constructing and managing of transportation facilities which include highways, roadways, footpaths, intersections, roundabouts, railways, etc. They ensure safe, fast, comfortable, economical, convenient and environmentally friendly movement of people and goods transport.

03 - Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical or Soil Engineering specifically deals with the determination of the strength and deformation properties of soil when viewed from a scientific perspective. Geotechnical engineering involves working with soil and its components such as clay, silt, rock, sand and snow, and is the practical application of geology.

04 - Environmental Engineering

Environmental engineering is quite a broad field in civil engineering that involves the application of principles of science and engineering to protect and sustain or improve environmental conditions. The major areas included in environmental engineering are air pollution control, wastewater management, solid waste disposal, public health, hazardous waste management, recycling, industrial hygiene, etc.

05 - Water Resource Engineering

Water resource engineering is a part of civil engineering that deals with the arrangement and management of water for human use and the development of methods and techniques to resist the impact of floods. In other words is the study and management of equipment, facilities, and techniques pertaining to the management and preservation of life’s most plentiful resource, water. Water may be renewable in terms of its scope of usage but it is not as abundant in present times as it was before, which many climatologists and other scientists have indicated is a result of climate change.